C#和JAVA的RSA密钥、公钥转换

C#的秘钥跟JAVA的密钥区别


RSA对于程序本身是没有区别的,其格式都是相同的。对于不同的程序来说,存储使用的语法(包装的类)会有所不同。
RSA语法和语法标准有很多,大的类型大概分为ASN.1、PKCS、X.509。

RSA语法介绍

ASN.1、PKCS是最初的,也是最主要的RSA公钥和私钥的语法标准,被RSA Lab所维护。
ASN.1、PKCS#1都定义了公钥和私钥的类型——序列化的数字。为了下一个层次的抽象(适当的包装),现在一般使用的组合是:PKCS#8的私钥,X.509的公钥 。
PKCS语法主要用于私钥,其内部标准目前有10种。目前JAVA普遍使用的是PKCS#8,用作私钥格式。
X.509语法主要用于公钥,广泛使用于web浏览器和SLL。 
3种语法标准的公私钥可以实现相互转化,其核心为ASN1语法中的整数值(modulus,PublicExponent,privateExponent ),其余的数值都可以经过计算后得出。
 
.NET使用的是标准的RSA格式,然后将其中的数字base64编码后,生成XML进行存储。
java中使用的是PKCS#8,、X.509的公私钥语法,存储的都是相应的JAVA类自动生成的base64字符串。
由于存储格式的区别,在相互转换、读取的时候,需要理解RSA相关的知识,才能正确使用类来转换。
 

密钥格式


java密钥:
私钥:
MIICdwIBADANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAASCAmEwggJdAgEAAoGBAKSZSSEdPhv77O5ocnLNGXeQ21qJDArC1+yId+9/pY5bXkZk5vCB49EpfMwNukLv6AJqofThZPNOs1t015fdEYIUnkIc2QVxRwa0xTeFP
6N8D4WQXRWs4fNG27JK5kP45s+9KlJtx5hs7G97aMczehIWpHaO6j9inOmjlU8l62KZAgMBAAECgYEAmK3TRtMwRJb33OGnn9OeFumYfy92qxi3X6Hq1o6qDBW2qkd4bImfv+ni6AinyOVuaadt2Y+lq4
dKGcCVJzoZvPm1VKxD2y7xKa8/vEbPRiRTt0qnPq9T7UJkpDsiXf/zOMfWdjc3uA1bPnQ65RWHSJ7zAE+Gd7xnyCE5MEyijLECQQDVYqQWDqOVLZ5lJUuIfUIrhv26GvuoTX8v60+opCz4/Mdfh6JlefI
CVD6SAaYvufXBHVFY26JicNlR62ZOiBoNAkEAxXhsuEnNJNQcQHEVTPZoulbMbTV1VZIDQ1zjG8fvu8sv6IBYcR5+EsC8n3/6RkW8/iCJDzxE++VHzhoSQSoDvQJBAM6/63J/rpndAIrJ7vyJOPLJsc9/U
3SH2gMJAT7KC9UXvuldlsixtf3xuEpplKbLjEUXbfklnZm586a+6XqPvoUCQDFotltOLARBBmihYuEE7qNhQHk63QbyJ9rdDP5Qgo2Mg4o7QuXa6VSr4QZPsUGQBX/YiDLFs8ULU3IgV9zyNEkCQADAYR8
DctYzg0eBGdcOrDA5Szc62pYrS2wk89wUxyL4FyDL3omkVMKvtu5tccy7Xht2ikJZRqefZ3dS7ASm8/4=  
公钥:
MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQCkmUkhHT4b++zuaHJyzRl3kNtaiQwKwtfsiHfvf6WOW15GZObwgePRKXzMDbpC7+gCaqH04WTzTrNbdNeX3RGCFJ5CHNkFcUcGtMU3hT+jfA+FkF0VrO
HzRtuySuZD+ObPvSpSbceYbOxve2jHM3oSFqR2juo/Ypzpo5VPJetimQIDAQAB 


c#密钥:
私钥:
<RSAKeyValue>  
<Modulus>pJlJIR0+G/vs7mhycs0Zd5DbWokMCsLX7Ih373+ljlteRmTm8IHj0Sl8zA26Qu/oAmqh9OFk806zW3TXl90RghSeQhzZBXFHBrTFN4U/o3wPhZBdFazh80bbskrmQ/jmz70qUm3HmGzsb3tox
zN6Ehakdo7qP2Kc6aOVTyXrYpk=</Modulus>  
  <Exponent>AQAB</Exponent>  
  <P>1WKkFg6jlS2eZSVLiH1CK4b9uhr7qE1/L+tPqKQs+PzHX4eiZXnyAlQ+kgGmL7n1wR1RWNuiYnDZUetmTogaDQ==</P>  
  <Q>xXhsuEnNJNQcQHEVTPZoulbMbTV1VZIDQ1zjG8fvu8sv6IBYcR5+EsC8n3/6RkW8/iCJDzxE++VHzhoSQSoDvQ==</Q>  
  <DP>zr/rcn+umd0Aisnu/Ik48smxz39TdIfaAwkBPsoL1Re+6V2WyLG1/fG4SmmUpsuMRRdt+SWdmbnzpr7peo++hQ==</DP>  
  <DQ>MWi2W04sBEEGaKFi4QTuo2FAeTrdBvIn2t0M/lCCjYyDijtC5drpVKvhBk+xQZAFf9iIMsWzxQtTciBX3PI0SQ==</DQ>  
  <InverseQ>wGEfA3LWM4NHgRnXDqwwOUs3OtqWK0tsJPPcFMci+Bcgy96JpFTCr7bubXHMu14bdopCWUann2d3UuwEpvP+</InverseQ>  
  <D>mK3TRtMwRJb33OGnn9OeFumYfy92qxi3X6Hq1o6qDBW2qkd4bImfv+ni6AinyOVuaadt2Y+lq4dKGcCVJzoZvPm1VKxD2y7xKa8/vEbPRiRTt0qnPq9T7UJkpDsiXf/zOMfWdjc3uA1bPnQ65RWHS
J7zAE+Gd7xnyCE5MEyijLE=</D>  
</RSAKeyValue>  

公钥:
<RSAKeyValue>  
<Modulus>pJlJIR0+G/vs7mhycs0Zd5DbWokMCsLX7Ih373+ljlteRmTm8IHj0Sl8zA26Qu/oAmqh9OFk806zW3TXl90RghSeQhzZBXFHBrTFN4U/o3wPhZBdFazh80bbskrmQ/jmz70qUm3HmGzsb3tox
zN6Ehakdo7qP2Kc6aOVTyXrYpk=</Modulus>  
  <Exponent>AQAB</Exponent>  
</RSAKeyValue>  


C#转JAVA(C#代码)

C#中的公私钥使用XML字符串进行存储,读取时直接读入字符串即可。
由于C#使用的是标准的RSA格式,因此JAVA的RSAPublicKeySpec、RSAPrivateKeySpec配置类的核心参数(modulus,PublicExponent,privateExponent )都可以从对应XML中的节点值(Modulus-modulus 、Exponent-PublicExponent 、D-privateExponent )base64解码后获取。然后将其传入JAVA配置类中,然后根据配置类生成相应的RSA公私钥。

手动转换

void Convert()
{
       //公钥
        byte[] m = Base64.decodeBase64("mX/9zl8rflH5pLaP5P1Qd/9wXwNBSx7OpLlYDnGr7wD0njiDfPSUkgf9oF5NcvZwl24qdJ1SLmrgUtnr+yeXBNZNKaan1xXKISHdlHvbW5G8nJCJW6CuaHMkVw3Y7kwaIIlUdv09vxfjj0AoabttjbtF1kqETzbQ6fK3EN6sY5U=");
        byte[] e = Base64.decodeBase64("AQAB");
        BigInteger b1 = new BigInteger(1, m);
        BigInteger b2 = new BigInteger(1, e);
        //私钥
        byte[] m1 = Base64.decodeBase64("3RgqP5YOYUXft8YOlDphyaCoof27MSfTD2eVCFVXB5hatrls1fSUcmUuWuGV970sS6KQZZtyWHQ5970sCzKFlq82He8Uoe0JM3axBvd6PbSGjulUJr62qNW5hgkIEfxSRYl8AQsbbusFtks4obfepsfE02cLmmZepnZAdIOWifE=");
        byte[] e1 = Base64.decodeBase64("QcSZdLbHakolxX4GAjPnuNmwsBdRIsss7o0qeQMh02GPwoEgDfkmW20bv+8Q9FPypEEkYQU/m25ffAFq453QvLegYYi8OvWN+dvgchQRdeb22d+s6xYGGN9DRcPFRE48INde8FBHf/lzVgToV75h1H7g+jB4hLmLeuIuHsB43/0=");
        BigInteger b11 = new BigInteger(1, m1);
        BigInteger b21 = new BigInteger(1, e1);
        //公钥
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA");
        RSAPublicKeySpec keySpec = new RSAPublicKeySpec(b1, b2);
        RSAPublicKey pubKey = (RSAPublicKey) keyFactory.generatePublic(keySpec);
        //私钥
        RSAPrivateKeySpec priKeySpec = new RSAPrivateKeySpec(b11, b21);
        RSAPrivateKey priKey = (RSAPrivateKey) keyFactory.generatePrivate(priKeySpec);
}


BouncyCastle Crypto转换

格式转换要用到一个开源加密库Bouncy Castle Crypto APIs,

官网地址:http://www.bouncycastle.org/csharp/
具体实现代码如下:

using System;  
using System.Xml;  
using Org.BouncyCastle.Asn1.Pkcs;  
using Org.BouncyCastle.Asn1.X509;  
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Parameters;  
using Org.BouncyCastle.Math;  
using Org.BouncyCastle.Pkcs;  
using Org.BouncyCastle.Security;  
using Org.BouncyCastle.X509;  
  
/// <summary>  
/// RSA密钥格式转换  
/// </summary>  
public class RSAKeyConvert  
{  
    /// <summary>  
    /// RSA私钥格式转换,java->.net  
    /// </summary>  
    /// <param name="privateKey">java生成的RSA私钥</param>  
    /// <returns></returns>  
    public static string RSAPrivateKeyJava2DotNet(string privateKey)  
    {  
        RsaPrivateCrtKeyParameters privateKeyParam = (RsaPrivateCrtKeyParameters)PrivateKeyFactory.CreateKey(Convert.FromBase64String(privateKey));  
  
        return string.Format("<RSAKeyValue><Modulus>{0}</Modulus><Exponent>{1}</Exponent><P>{2}</P><Q>{3}</Q><DP>{4}</DP><DQ>{5}</DQ><InverseQ>{6}</InverseQ><D>{7}</D></RSAKeyValue>",  
            Convert.ToBase64String(privateKeyParam.Modulus.ToByteArrayUnsigned()),  
            Convert.ToBase64String(privateKeyParam.PublicExponent.ToByteArrayUnsigned()),  
            Convert.ToBase64String(privateKeyParam.P.ToByteArrayUnsigned()),  
            Convert.ToBase64String(privateKeyParam.Q.ToByteArrayUnsigned()),  
            Convert.ToBase64String(privateKeyParam.DP.ToByteArrayUnsigned()),  
            Convert.ToBase64String(privateKeyParam.DQ.ToByteArrayUnsigned()),  
            Convert.ToBase64String(privateKeyParam.QInv.ToByteArrayUnsigned()),  
            Convert.ToBase64String(privateKeyParam.Exponent.ToByteArrayUnsigned()));  
    }  
  
    /// <summary>  
    /// RSA私钥格式转换,.net->java  
    /// </summary>  
    /// <param name="privateKey">.net生成的私钥</param>  
    /// <returns></returns>  
    public static string RSAPrivateKeyDotNet2Java(string privateKey)  
    {  
        XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();  
        doc.LoadXml(privateKey);  
        BigInteger m = new BigInteger(1, Convert.FromBase64String(doc.DocumentElement.GetElementsByTagName("Modulus")[0].InnerText));  
        BigInteger exp = new BigInteger(1, Convert.FromBase64String(doc.DocumentElement.GetElementsByTagName("Exponent")[0].InnerText));  
        BigInteger d = new BigInteger(1, Convert.FromBase64String(doc.DocumentElement.GetElementsByTagName("D")[0].InnerText));  
        BigInteger p = new BigInteger(1, Convert.FromBase64String(doc.DocumentElement.GetElementsByTagName("P")[0].InnerText));  
        BigInteger q = new BigInteger(1, Convert.FromBase64String(doc.DocumentElement.GetElementsByTagName("Q")[0].InnerText));  
        BigInteger dp = new BigInteger(1, Convert.FromBase64String(doc.DocumentElement.GetElementsByTagName("DP")[0].InnerText));  
        BigInteger dq = new BigInteger(1, Convert.FromBase64String(doc.DocumentElement.GetElementsByTagName("DQ")[0].InnerText));  
        BigInteger qinv = new BigInteger(1, Convert.FromBase64String(doc.DocumentElement.GetElementsByTagName("InverseQ")[0].InnerText));  
  
        RsaPrivateCrtKeyParameters privateKeyParam = new RsaPrivateCrtKeyParameters(m, exp, d, p, q, dp, dq, qinv);  
  
        PrivateKeyInfo privateKeyInfo = PrivateKeyInfoFactory.CreatePrivateKeyInfo(privateKeyParam);  
        byte[] serializedPrivateBytes = privateKeyInfo.ToAsn1Object().GetEncoded();  
        return Convert.ToBase64String(serializedPrivateBytes);  
    }  
  
    /// <summary>  
    /// RSA公钥格式转换,java->.net  
    /// </summary>  
    /// <param name="publicKey">java生成的公钥</param>  
    /// <returns></returns>  
    public static string RSAPublicKeyJava2DotNet(string publicKey)  
    {  
        RsaKeyParameters publicKeyParam = (RsaKeyParameters)PublicKeyFactory.CreateKey(Convert.FromBase64String(publicKey));  
        return string.Format("<RSAKeyValue><Modulus>{0}</Modulus><Exponent>{1}</Exponent></RSAKeyValue>",  
            Convert.ToBase64String(publicKeyParam.Modulus.ToByteArrayUnsigned()),  
            Convert.ToBase64String(publicKeyParam.Exponent.ToByteArrayUnsigned()));  
    }  
  
    /// <summary>  
    /// RSA公钥格式转换,.net->java  
    /// </summary>  
    /// <param name="publicKey">.net生成的公钥</param>  
    /// <returns></returns>  
    public static string RSAPublicKeyDotNet2Java(string publicKey)  
    {  
        XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();  
        doc.LoadXml(publicKey);  
        BigInteger m = new BigInteger(1, Convert.FromBase64String(doc.DocumentElement.GetElementsByTagName("Modulus")[0].InnerText));  
        BigInteger p = new BigInteger(1, Convert.FromBase64String(doc.DocumentElement.GetElementsByTagName("Exponent")[0].InnerText));  
        RsaKeyParameters pub = new RsaKeyParameters(false, m, p);  
  
        SubjectPublicKeyInfo publicKeyInfo = SubjectPublicKeyInfoFactory.CreateSubjectPublicKeyInfo(pub);  
        byte[] serializedPublicBytes = publicKeyInfo.ToAsn1Object().GetDerEncoded();  
        return Convert.ToBase64String(serializedPublicBytes);  
    }  
}  

JAVA转C#(java代码)

JAVA中的公私钥使用base64进行存储,解码成字节数组后,首先需要生成相应的配置对象(PKCS#8,、X.509 ),根据配置对象生成RSA公私钥。

私钥
C#使用的是标准的RSA格式,PKCS#1语法中包含了标准RSA格式私钥中的所有整数值。配置对象需要生成PKCS#1语法的RSA对象(RSAPrivateCrtKey),获取对象属性,自行构造私钥XML。
就算不会JAVA的新手都可以转换的,只需要把以下的代码添加进eclipse中就可以了,具体的怎么建java工程就自己去查一下。
把一对密钥转成C#中格式的密钥在JAVA中的转换代码如下:


package com;  
  
import java.security.KeyFactory;  
import java.security.PublicKey;  
import java.security.interfaces.RSAPrivateCrtKey;  
import java.security.interfaces.RSAPublicKey;  
import java.security.spec.PKCS8EncodedKeySpec;  
import java.security.spec.X509EncodedKeySpec;  
import com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.dv.util.Base64;  
   
public class test {  
  
    public static void main(String[] args) {  
          
        String tes = "MIICeQIBADANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAASCAmMwggJfAgEAAoGBAL8z2QlXCL6w7rvY0Gbl8ARtQSXY+pEW5hlUHlmspqHt4k8/SkoF796gDqk4yyOcoWhkZWLPPugK35Mn7V+m5Jyfu8C0gVKOfWOA8A0T4hxV2ThAoMUq7QtB2K6s9AoumrxDfAkMBbsXEHYwfD/hxr/3DQ3lUvSFB6BnhiHEOyzpAgMBAAECgYEAol/9qRjorEjF9XEjSr9rHddKxEGIST8RGeF+BNnCiTHkRziQdlykYIO876jzmsKhsG3STB+EZLsXM3ls9RZefcsPF5mLOCSOCow3DikfCtAy4hntsU9JwpuYE0V4A+Sgfd24fatqbu+JxE2nvpSbAPczDOgBFPNfYBkhMiuZ/iECQQDzUeq7lFcIE4uWhRGveVFjNAGuSsW+q9GOwO7tS5YwuAIQ2M+XgYGRFo8xMC6V/9SfqJtmSU1zk72pMlYufIqHAkEAySqkcKbWuobq5I9KSQISq2qCuGKtj/iUFho4PCD1YxhnQ7gcHA4OpS1dRFjtXJYQPTX9be+mmypsCFIyofE5DwJBAPGZ20wahTh9v9Lbmq3z9n5ce3bGxAcJsHDg3d09eooxi8uSnL5BV5frII+k2f0TI9rMnlE4Y/FpN5+zXaOXAi0CQQCs3Aqfjo23jJWtPv/LSo+2YnjfblPMAgNmFrO532xc8axSgZMN/HpTL28UewHD7GMZ5hnWbPcSIFrir5c4luq7AkEAi90WdnZVPxtSTqkkLYbnh4Ro2WhdwRjkfyBxBZZx8hfaM6MfLPi3A0rw9DPOSB4M/BMchtEh3bXuI7bue2tG+A==";  
        byte[] temp = b64decode(tes);  
        String ver = getRSAPrivateKeyAsNetFormat(temp);// 转换私钥  
          
        String tes1 = "MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb4DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQC/M9kJVwi+sO672NBm5fAEbUEl2PqRFuYZVB5ZrKah7eJPP0pKBe/eoA6pOMsjnKFoZGVizz7oCt+TJ+1fpuScn7vAtIFSjn1jgPANE+IcVdk4QKDFKu0LQdiurPQKLpq8Q3wJDAW7FxB2MHw/4ca/9w0N5VL0hQegZ4YhxDss6QIDAQAB";  
        byte[] temp1 = b64decode(tes1);  
        String ver1 = getRSAPublicKeyAsNetFormat(temp1);// 转换公钥  
        System.out.println(ver);  
        System.out.println(ver1);  
    }  
  
    private static String getRSAPrivateKeyAsNetFormat(byte[] encodedPrivkey) {  
        try {  
            StringBuffer buff = new StringBuffer(1024);  
  
            PKCS8EncodedKeySpec pvkKeySpec = new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(  
                    encodedPrivkey);  
            KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA");  
            RSAPrivateCrtKey pvkKey = (RSAPrivateCrtKey) keyFactory  
                    .generatePrivate(pvkKeySpec);  
  
            buff.append("<RSAKeyValue>");  
            buff.append("<Modulus>"  
                            + b64encode(removeMSZero(pvkKey.getModulus()  
                                    .toByteArray())) + "</Modulus>");  
  
            buff.append("<Exponent>"  
                    + b64encode(removeMSZero(pvkKey.getPublicExponent()  
                            .toByteArray())) + "</Exponent>");  
  
            buff.append("<P>"  
                    + b64encode(removeMSZero(pvkKey.getPrimeP().toByteArray()))  
                    + "</P>");  
  
            buff.append("<Q>"  
                    + b64encode(removeMSZero(pvkKey.getPrimeQ().toByteArray()))  
                    + "</Q>");  
  
            buff.append("<DP>"  
                    + b64encode(removeMSZero(pvkKey.getPrimeExponentP()  
                            .toByteArray())) + "</DP>");  
  
            buff.append("<DQ>"  
                    + b64encode(removeMSZero(pvkKey.getPrimeExponentQ()  
                            .toByteArray())) + "</DQ>");  
  
            buff.append("<InverseQ>"  
                    + b64encode(removeMSZero(pvkKey.getCrtCoefficient()  
                            .toByteArray())) + "</InverseQ>");  
  
            buff.append("<D>"  
                    + b64encode(removeMSZero(pvkKey.getPrivateExponent()  
                            .toByteArray())) + "</D>");  
            buff.append("</RSAKeyValue>");  
  
            return buff.toString().replaceAll("[ \t\n\r]", "");  
        } catch (Exception e) {  
            System.err.println(e);  
            return null;  
        }  
    }  
  
    private static String getRSAPublicKeyAsNetFormat(byte[] encodedPrivkey) {  
        try {  
            StringBuffer buff = new StringBuffer(1024);  
  
            PKCS8EncodedKeySpec pvkKeySpec = new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(  
                    encodedPrivkey);  
            KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA");  
            RSAPublicKey pukKey = (RSAPublicKey) keyFactory  
                    .generatePublic(new X509EncodedKeySpec(encodedPrivkey));  
               
            buff.append("<RSAKeyValue>");  
            buff.append("<Modulus>"  
                            + b64encode(removeMSZero(pukKey.getModulus()  
                                    .toByteArray())) + "</Modulus>");  
            buff.append("<Exponent>"  
                    + b64encode(removeMSZero(pukKey.getPublicExponent()  
                            .toByteArray())) + "</Exponent>");  
            buff.append("</RSAKeyValue>");  
            return buff.toString().replaceAll("[ \t\n\r]", "");  
        } catch (Exception e) {  
            System.err.println(e);  
            return null;  
        }  
    }  
  
    public static String encodePublicKeyToXml(PublicKey key) {  
        if (!RSAPublicKey.class.isInstance(key)) {  
            return null;  
        }  
        RSAPublicKey pubKey = (RSAPublicKey) key;  
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();  
  
        sb.append("<RSAKeyValue>");  
        sb.append("<Modulus>").append(  
                Base64.encode(pubKey.getModulus().toByteArray())).append(  
                "</Modulus>");  
        sb.append("<Exponent>").append(  
                Base64.encode(pubKey.getPublicExponent().toByteArray()))  
                .append("</Exponent>");  
        sb.append("</RSAKeyValue>");  
        return sb.toString();  
    }  
  
    private static byte[] removeMSZero(byte[] data) {  
        byte[] data1;  
        int len = data.length;  
        if (data[0] == 0) {  
            data1 = new byte[data.length - 1];  
            System.arraycopy(data, 1, data1, 0, len - 1);  
        } else  
            data1 = data;  
  
        return data1;  
    }  
  
    private static String b64encode(byte[] data) {  
        String b64str = new String(Base64.encode(data));  
        return b64str;  
    }  
  
    private static byte[] b64decode(String data) {  
        byte[] decodeData = Base64.decode(data);  
        return decodeData;  
    }  
}  


©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 游动-白 设计师:上身试试 返回首页
实付 19.90元
使用余额支付
点击重新获取
扫码支付
钱包余额 0

抵扣说明:

1.余额是钱包充值的虚拟货币,按照1:1的比例进行支付金额的抵扣。
2.余额无法直接购买下载,可以购买VIP、C币套餐、付费专栏及课程。

余额充值